Often, I come across good information or resources that I want to explore later. Instead of getting lost in my bookmarks, I wanted to publicly share with others who were also interested in these topics. They are in no particular order of importance.
If you only want to look at a couple of resources, look for the ones with an asterisk (*) at the beginning.
AccentureOctober 2018 The discretionary income for workingage persons with disabilities is $21 billion—greater than that of the African-American and Hispanic segments combined.
|Name of Report||Organization(s)||Year and Month||Notable Quotes|
|After High School: A First Look At The Postschool Experiences Of Youth With Disabilities||Office of Special Education Programs
U.S. Department of Education
|April 2005||“Thus, 40% of postsecondary students with disabilities identify themselves as having a disability and have informed their postsecondary schools of that disability” (page 4-14).|
|Barriers to Students with Disabilities in Psychological Training||APA||Feb 2009|
|Building Momentum Towards Inclusive Teaching and Learning: A good-practice guide for undergraduate physics||Institute of Physics||May 2017|
|Digital experience insights survey 2018: findings from students in UK further and higher education
|JISC UK||September 2018||The report contains the opinions of 37,000 students (across the UK) on their digital experiences in further and higher education.|
|Disability Statistics Annual Report||NIDILRR||2017|
|ECAR Study of Undergraduate Students and Information Technology
|EDUCAUSE||October 2018||Key Finding #10 – Accessibility – “A plurality of students who self-identify as having a physical and/or learning disability requiring accessible or adaptive technologies for their coursework rated their institution’s awareness of their needs as poor. According to students, larger and DR public institutions tend to have poorer awareness of disabled students’ needs than do smaller and AA institutions. In addition to institutional limitations, students’ fears of being stigmatized or penalized for disclosing their disabilities and engaging disability services to receive the aid they need may be contributing to low rates of awareness.”|
|EU Web Accessibility Directive||Policy Connect||September 2018|
|International Comparison on Accessible Technology in Higher Education||ATHEN E-Journal||2009|
|Making Digital Learning Work: Success Strategies from Six Leading Universities and Community Colleges||Arizona State University
Boston Consulting Group
|April 2018||Online courses are associated with higher retention and graduation rates, increased access and cost savings of as much as 50 percent, according to a new study from Arizona State University. The research is built on case studies from a half-dozen institutions “with a strong track record of using digital learning to improve student outcomes,” according to information released by ASU. In addition to ASU, the other schools examined for the study include Georgia State University, Houston Community College, Kentucky Community and Technical College System, Rio Salado Community College and University of Central Florida.|
|NMC Horizon Report||EDUCAUSE||August 2018|
|Reading Content on Mobile Devices Report||Nielsen Normal Group||December 2016|
|The Effect of Disability Disclosure On The Graduation On Graduation Rates of College Students with Disabilities||Dissertation of Robyn L. Hudson||2013|
|Who Teaches Accessibility? A Survey of U.S. Computing Faculty||Shinohara, Kawas, Ko, Ladner||February 2018|
|The Truth About Teaching to Learning Styles, and What to Do Instead?||eLearning Guild||July 2018|
|Higher Education’s Top 10 Strategic Technologies and Trends for 2018||EDUCAUSE||January 2018|
|The 2018 Survey of Faculty Attitudes on Technology||Inside Higher Ed||November 2018|
|Shifting Student Behavior: Interventions & Other Strategies to Help Colleges & Their Students||Inside Higher Ed||August 2018|
|The Next Generation of Students||Inside Higher Ed||September 2018|
|Learning in Three Dimensions: Report on the EDUCAUSE/HP Campus of the Future Project||EDUCAUSE||July 2018|
|Institutions’ Use of Data and Analytics for Student Success||EDUCAUSE||April 2018|
|Video Length in Online Courses: What the Research Says||Quality Matters||mix||links to 3 different studies|
|2018 ADA Web Accessibility Recap||UsableNet||December 2018||ADA web accessibility-related lawsuits exploded with a 181% increase in 2018 (2285 cases) over 2017 (814 cases).|
|Student Perceptions of Faculty Implementation of Universal Design for Learning||Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability||2011||Previous research suggested that nearly 60% of students with disabilities choose not to disclose their disabilities (Wagner, Newman, Cameto, Garza, & Levine, 2005). Our data demonstrated that nearly 80% of students who indicated they had a disability did not choose to report their disabilities to the university.|
|Getting to Equal: The Disability Inclusion Advantage||Accenture||October 2018||The discretionary income for workingage persons with disabilities is $21 billion—greater than that of the African-American and Hispanic segments combined.|
|National Research Results: Student Uses and Perceptions of Closed Captions and Transcripts||Oregon State University Ecampus Research Unit and 3PlayMedia||October 2016||The discretionary income for workingage persons with disabilities is $21 billion—greater than that of the African-American and Hispanic segments combined.|
- Accessible Media Training: Design Considerations for Faculty and/or Student Affairs Staff (AHG 2016)
Inclusive Design/ Inclusive UX / Universal Design for Learning
- One Size Does Not Fit All: Exploring the Boundaries of Design & Inclusive UX (AHG 2016)
- Promoting the Universal Design Paradigm on Campus—Everywhere (AHG 2016)
- UDL & Breaking Down the Barriers at UK- a Case Study (AHG 2016)
- Usability and Accessibility have a conversation: how accessibility and UI/UX teams can collaborate for more inclusive products (AHG 2016)
- Integrating UD into a certificate program in online teaching (AHG 2017)
- Universal Design: An Intercultural Perspective (AHG 2017)
- Building a campus-wide Universal Design framework from the ground up (AHG 2018)
Marketing / Buy-In / Organizational Change / Campus Change
- 5 Keys for Implementing A11y in Your Team (AHG 2016)
- Marketing Accessibility on Your Campus (AHG 2016)
- Accessibility Across the Institution: Who Needs to be Involved? (AHG 2016)
- University of Maryland IT Accessibility Plan. From design to implementation (AHG 2016)
- Digital Inclusivity: Strategies for Implementing New AT on College Campuses (AHG 2016)
- Accessibility and the California Community Colleges Online Education Initiative – Lessons Learned (AHG 2016)
- A Year of Remediation: Content and Cultural Change at a Higher Education Learning Company (AHG 2016)
- Implementing Accessibility at Your Institution – Lessons Learned at the University of Alabama (AHG 2016)
- UDL, Accessibility and Quality Assurance – Collaborations at the University of Arizona for Accessible Online Classes (AHG 2017)
- Constantly Improving: Creating an Accessible Campus (AHG 2017)
- Concurrent Development of EIT Accessibility Programs at Four Colleges in Western Massachusetts (AHG 2016)
- Year 2 Update – A Centralized Approach to EIT Accessibility at Four Colleges in Western Massachusetts (AHG 2017)
- Navigating the Path to Accessibility (AHG 2017)
- Crucial Conversations for Getting to Yes and Getting Past No (AHG 2017)
- Integrating Universal Design and Accessibility into a Distance Education Graduate Certificate Program (AHG 2017)
- Accessibility, Universal Design, and Usability: Promoting an Inclusive Campus (AHG 2017)
- It Takes a Village: Utilizing People, Systems, and Technology to Scale Online Course Accessibility (AHG 2017)
- Collaborative Efforts to Promote Access in Higher Education in the State of Iowa (AHG 2017)
- The Power of Partnerships: institutional alliances to transform accessibility for a small liberal arts college (AHG 2018)
- Faculty Professional Development for Building Accessible Online Courses (AHG 2017)
- Teaching Faculty Something, but Not TOO Much (AHG 2017)
- Seeing Disability Differently… By Design: Developing Online UDL Training for Teachers with a Disability Studies Focus (AHG 2017)
- An Evaluation of Accessibility for a Large Foundations of Engineering Course (AHG 2017)
- Creating a university policy around accessibility, Blackboard, May 2017 (1 hr 4 min video)
- Washington State Accessible IT Capacity Building Institute on Policy #188 (Dec 2018)
- Moving from a Web Policy to an EIT Standard: Success and Growing Pains We Experienced (AHG 2017)
- Talking to Faculty about Accessibility (AHG 2016)
- Teaching faculty about universal design and accessibility through OSM (pronounced “awesome”) course (AHG 2017)
- Using an SLC (Staff Learning Community) to Share UDL & Accessibility Strategies (AHG 2017)
- Building an Accessibility Procurement Process in Higher Education (AHG 2016)
- Creating a Culture of Accessible Procurement at Michigan State University: Library and College/Department Perspectives (AHG 2016)
- IT Procurement: Accessibility as a Functional Criterion (AHG 2018)
- Accessibility Crash Course for Web Developers (AHG 2016)
- Unwebbing Web Accessibility in Higher Ed: It’s More Than Just Web Pages (AHG 2016)
- Sustaining Web Accessibility at the Penn State University Libraries (AHG 2017)
- Balancing Automated Scanning, Manual Testing and Assistive Technology for Successful Website Accessibility Testing (AHG 2017)
- Making Websites Usable, Not Just Accessible (AHG 2018)
- Data-Driven Instructional Design: Higher Learning Student and Professor Voices (AHG 2016)
- Maintaining Accessibility in the Modern Classroom (AHG 2016)
- A Review of Apps & Strategies for Converting and Accessing Print and Digital Material (AHG 2016)
- Results & Takeaways from a National Study on Closed Captioning in Higher Education (AHG 2016)
- Digital Accessibility Trends (AHG 2016)
- Digital Accessibility Trends in Education (AHG 2017)
- Student-Created Content Counts: Making all University Content Accessible by 2020 (AHG 2017)
- What the heck is all this EPUB Hubbub about? (AHG 2018)
- The ABC’s of a11y – Creating a Common Vocabulary (AHG 2018)
- Survey of Users with Low Vision #2 Results, September 2018 (WebAIM)
- Screen Reader User Survey #7 Results, October 2017 (WebAIM)
- Survey of Users with Motor Disabilities, March 2013 (WebAIM)
- Survey of Preferences of Screen Readers Users, January 2009 (WebAIM)
- PDF and the User Experience Survey, 2015+ (Karen McCall)
- AccessibleTech.org (National ADA Network) – Our mission is to promote full and unrestricted participation in business and society by persons with disabilities through the use of electronic information technology that is universally accessible.
- Accessible Technology Coalition – The ATC is funded by the Center for Accessible Technology located in Berkeley California at the Ed Roberts Campus. While the ATC provides an online resource that reaches across the world, the Center for Accessible Technology offers access to an office with staff who provide hands-on training; AT Consultants who do assessments; business consulting services to corporations, libraries and government entities; assistance on creating accessible websites and have a test bank of users with disabilities to test products and services.
- Benetech – Benetech continues to be a different kind of tech company—a nonprofit—with a pure focus on developing software for social good. More than two decades after our founding, we’ve grown to include multiple program areas and initiatives that provide software to improve—even transform—the lives of people all across the world. You can read more about our work through our four main work areas: Education, Human Rights, Environment and Poverty.
- Center for Applied Special Technology (CAST) – Located a short distance north of Boston, CAST is a nonprofit education research and development organization that works to expand learning opportunities for all individuals through Universal Design for Learning.
- Center on Online Learning and Students with Disabilities (K-12) – Our research is intended to support improvements to policy, practice, and future research. These resources are intended to support your efforts in these critical areas.
- Center on Technology and Disability – A wealth of free, high-quality resources and events on all aspects of assistive technology!
- Disabilities, Opportunities, Internetworking, and Technology (DO-IT) – The Center is dedicated to empowering people with disabilities through technology and education. It promotes awareness and accessibility—in both the classroom and the workplace—to maximize the potential of individuals with disabilities and make our communities more vibrant, diverse, and inclusive.
- EASI: Equal Access To Software & Information – EASI is a non-profit organization, committed to the belief that students and professionals with disabilities have the same right to access information technology as everyone else.
- IMS Global Learning Consoritum – The mission of the IMS Global Learning Consortium is to advance technology that can affordably scale and improve educational participation and attainment. To ensure that the “Learning Impact” of technology-enabled innovation is achieved around the world, IMS’s influential community of educational institutions, suppliers, and government organizations develops open interoperability standards, supports adoption with technical services, and encourages adoption through programs that highlight effective practices.
- Inclusive Design Research Centre OCAD University – The IDRC is a research and development centre at OCAD University where an international community of open source developers, designers, researchers, advocates, and volunteers work together to ensure that emerging information technology and practices are designed inclusively.
- International Association of Accessibility Professionals (IAAP) – Accessibility professionals from around the world come together to define, promote and improve the accessibility profession through networking, education and certification.
- National Center on Accessible Educational Materials – We provide resources and technical assistance for educators, parents, students, publishers, conversion houses, accessible media producers, and others interested in learning more about AEM and implementing AEM and the NIMAS.
- National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard (NIMAS) – The NIMAS is a technical standard used by publishers to produce source files (in XML) that may be used to develop multiple specialized formats (such as Braille or audio books) for students with print disabilities.
- Quality Matters (QM) – Today Quality Matters is a nonprofit organization comprised of a dedicated staff that works together virtually—from cities all over the United States—to support everyone’s quality assurance goals. But in order to truly achieve our mission of defining and maintaining quality assurance in online learning, we rely on our larger community of QM Coordinators, workshop facilitators, peer and master reviewers, program reviewers, conference presenters, and all the other individuals and groups who are champions for QM and help everyone deliver on the promise of online learning.
- The Global Initiative for Inclusive ICTs (G3ict) – G3ict’s objectives and global outreach are aligned with the dispositions of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) on the accessibility of Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) and Assistive Technologies. G3ict’s objectives are to: promote awareness, support advocates and policy makers, facilitate and share good practices, foster harmonization and standardization, define and promote the accessibility profession.
- Web Accessibility In Mind (WebAIM) – Our mission is to empower organizations to make their web content accessible to people with disabilities.
- Department of Homeland Security Trusted Tester Program – The Department of Homeland Security Office of Accessible Systems & Technology (OAST) is committed to the development of the common testing approach for accessibility compliance and conformity, named Trusted Tester (TT). TT provides a code-inspection based test approach for determining software and website conformance to the Section 508 standards.
- International Association of Accessibility Professionals (IAAP) Certification – The IAAP certification program aims to better define what accessibility professionals are expected to know and increase the quality and consistency of the work performed by accessibility professionals. This will not only help individuals to add to their professional qualifications, but it will also help employers of accessibility professionals to assess accessibility competence.
- *Web Accessibility Tutorials: Headings
- How to Structure Headings for Web Accessibility
- *University of Minnesota: Headings
- Short Reports: Section Headings (Jerz Literacy Weblog)
Alternative Text, Alt Text, Image Description
- WebAIM: Alternate Text
- Diagram Center General Guidelines for Images
- The Definitive Guide To The Alt-Text Field (Phase2)
- Example of Text Version of Charts: The Aboriginal Peoples Survey at a Glance. Be sure to look for the expandable option “view text version of this graph” to see how they made the chart content accessible.
- National Center for Accessible Media: Guidelines for Describing STEM Images
- *Examples of Different Types of Images by the National Center for Accessible Media (this will take you to the homepage).
- Writing Text Alternatives for Maps (4 Syllables)
- Long Descriptions for Images – part 1 (4Syllables)
- Long Descriptions for Images – part 2 (4Syllables)
- Alt Text (Moz)
- New PowerPoint Picture Feature – Automatic Alt Text (video) (Heather Ackmann)
- No More Excuses – The Definitive Guide To The Alt-Text Field (Phase 2 Technology)
MS Office Accessibility
- *WebAIM Creating Accessible Word Documents – This is a great resource with instructions for creating accessible Word docs. It also links to instructions for older versions of MS Word (which do not have the same accessibility features).
- *Microsoft Support Website on Making Documents Accessible – Microsoft provides instructions for the different platforms that you may be using for Word (Windows, macOS, iOS, Android, Windows 10 app, Online).
- Accessibility Checklist: MS Word – Another resource to keep on hand to make sure you’re formatting your document correctly before distributing it.
- Creating Accessible Word Documents (KU Technology)(video)
- Guides for arranging things on a slide in PowerPoint (Microsoft)
- Add or delete audio in your PowerPoint presentation (Microsoft)
- JAWS: Job Access With Speech (Freedom Scientific)
- VoiceOver (Apple)
- NVDA: NonVisual Desktop Access (NV Access)
- ChromeVox (Chrome)
- *Web Accessibility Guidelines (Portland Community College)
- UW’s IT Accessibility Checklist – Great overview of web accessibility standards.
- Accessibility Bookmarklets – Accessibility of web pages can be hard to observe. These bookmarklets help web developers and designers see the “big picture” regarding web accessibility.
- AccessibilityOz Videos – The videos provide step-by-step instructions on how to code accessibly.
- A Beginner’s Guide to MathML (Daniel Scully)
- A LaTeX to Braille Conversion Tool for Creating Accessible Schoolbooks in Austria (Tomás Murillo-Morales)
- Academic pipeline for scientists with disabilities (Karl S. Booksh)
- Accessibility (STEM Learning and Research Center)
- Accessible Chemical Diagrams (Progressive Accessibility Solutions)
- Accessible Content Creation in Mathematics (Portland Community College)
- Accessible Math Diagram Center (Benetech)
- Accessible Math on the Web: A Server/Client Solution (video) (Tim Arnold)
- Accessible Physics Concepts for Blind Students (OpenStax)
- Alternate Format Production Administrative Processes (CU Boulder)
- Are there guidelines for creating accessible math? (DO-IT)
- Blind Mechanical Engineering Student (University of Colorado at Colorado Spring) (video)
- Captioning and Transcription for STEM Content (3Play Media)
- Connexions Guide to MathML (OpenStax)
- Creating Accessible Digital STEM Content (Colorado State University)
- Creating Documents Containing Mathematical Notation (Youngstown State University)
- Enabling Math: Web, Word & PDF, Emerging Solutions & Overcoming Issues (David MacDonald)
- Getting started with LaTeX (MathCentre)
- How can publishers create accessible math textbooks? (DO-IT)
- Interactive Simulations For Science And Math (PhET UC Boulder)
- Is MathML accessible? (Peter Krautzberger)
- Latex, Mathml, And Tex4ht: Tools For Creating Accessible Documents (Jacek Polewczak)
- LaTeX: What Is It and Why Do We Need It? (Al Maneki)
- List of LaTeX mathematical symbols (On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences)
- Making Mathematics Accessible (Design Science)
- Making Science Labs Accessible to Students with Disabilities (DO-IT)
- Making Scientific Content Accessible (Lexdis)
- Math Accessibility at Portland Community College (video) (Portland Community College)
- MathML and MathJax (PennState)
- MathML Best Practices (Hawkes Accessibility)
- MaxTract: Converting PDF to LATEX, MathML and Text (Volker Sorge)
- Mobile Mathematics Resources (Accessible Maths)
- Problems in Mathematics – MathJax in WordPress (Yutsumura)
- Solutions for the Accessibility Community (Design Science)
- STEM and People with Disabilities (DO-IT) (video)
- Subject Area Accessibility Study in Mathematics (Portland Community College)
- Tagged Mathematics in PDFs for Accessibility and other purposes (Ross Moore)
- The Tools of a Blind Programmer (Parham Doustdar)
- To Care & Comply: Accessibility of Online Course Content (video) (Portland Community College)
- Tools For Creating Accessible Documents: LaTeX, TeX4ht, and MathML (Jacek Polewczak)
- Tools for Creating Accessible Math (The DIAGRAM Center) (video)
- W3C Math Home (World Wide Web Consortium)
- Web Accessibility of Mathematics (Peter Krautzberger)
- Why is accessible math important? (DO-IT)
Tools, Software, Technology
- AbleData – We are the premier database for unbiased, comprehensive information on products, solutions and resources to improve productivity and ease life’s tasks.
- Stark – Baked right into the software you love to use, Stark empowers you to design with accessibility in mind from conception of brand to fruition of product.
- *Colour Contrast Analyser by The Paciello Group – The Colour Contrast Analyser (CCA) helps you determine the legibility of text and the contrast of visual elements, such as graphical controls and visual indicators. Free install for both Windows and Mac users.
- Chrome High Contrast extension – with this extension you can check out grayscale to evaluate color contrast, or see how a page converts to high contrast.
- Coblis — Color Blindness Simulator – If you are not suffering from a color vision deficiency it is very hard to imagine how it looks like to be colorblind. The Color Blindness Simulator can close this gap for you. Just play around with it and get a feeling of how it is to have a color vision handicap.
- Color Contrast Tools (WebAxe) – a comprehensive list of color contrast tools.
- Color Oracle – you can download this tool in order to see how your screen looks with various types of colorblindness.
- Funkify Vision – this is an interesting simulator that not only mimics vision impairments but also creates a “jumpy mouse” to mimic difficulty using a mouse.
- NoCoffee Vision Simulator – this simulator allows you to mimic certain vision impairments and blur the text.
- Algebra By Hand – The most advanced drag and drop algebra tool for the web.
- Equatio – Easily add equations, formulas, graphs and more to g suite for education apps and Microsoft Word
- Math Support Finder BETA (Benetech) – Math Support Finder (MSF) is an online tool that helps you identify the right combination of technologies needed to read math accessibly. Simply select your favorite tool(s) and access mode(s), then let MSF show you the unique combination of technologies required to read math using braille, audio, or however you prefer.
- MathML Cloud by Benetech – MathML Cloud is an open source tool that makes it faster, easier, and cheaper for traditional publishing houses and authoring platform providers to create math content that is accessible to all readers.
- MyOpenMath – MyOpenMath runs on the open source, IMathAS platform, providing free hosted use of this platform in support of free, open textbooks like the ones listed on OpenTextBookStore.com. The intent is to provide classroom use of the platform, without any required cost to students, for schools wanting a managed install of the IMathAS platform, and to provide students self-study opportunities.
- WAVE by WebAIM – WAVE is a free evaluation tool. It provides visual feedback about the accessibility of your web content by injecting icons and indicators into your page. No automated tool can tell you if your page is entirely accessible, but WAVE facilitates human evaluation and educates about accessibility issues. WAVE has extensions for Chrome and Firefox.
- WebAIM WAVE Browser Extensions – From this site, you can download the Firefox and Chrome WAVE extensions in order to easily review websites.
- aXe is a self-contained open-source library and testing engine for accessibility. It can be customized to include specialized rules and to integrate with browsers and testing frameworks. aXe was developed to help developers take automated accessibility testing into their own hands and to avoid common pitfalls of other automated accessibility tools.
- ATBar is an open-source and cross-browser toolbar to help users customize the way they interact with web pages. ATbar allows users to change the look and feel of a page, increase and decrease font sizes, have the text read aloud, use colored overlays, and get readability assistance.
- WP Accessibility. This plugin helps with many common accessibility problems in WordPress themes. Add a toolbar to toggle between high contrast, large print, and desaturated views of your theme.
- University of Michigan List of Web Accessibility Tools. List of 11 tools.
Learning Management System
- Blackboard Ally – Blackboard Ally is a revolutionary product that integrates seamlessly into the Learning Management System and focuses on making digital course content more accessible.
- Canvas File Cleanup Tool (USU CIDI) – Many courses have extra files that are no longer used in the course. If you would like to identify and clean out those files you can do so using the File Cleanup Tool in Canvas. The File Cleanup Tool helps you quickly identify and delete old, irrelevant files in your course to make the files section of your course easier to manage and more usable and accessible.
- 247 Accessible Documents – On-demand Accessible Documents. Upload a Document and receive an Accessible PDF, Accessible Word Document or an Accessible PowerPoint that meets Accessibility Standards & Guidelines 2.0 in 5 days.
- BrailleWorks – Braille Works is a solution for repair or remediation of your documents so organizations can meet WCAG and 508 compliance standards. WCAG and Section 508 document compliance can be difficult and navigating these waters is not a job for the inexperienced. Elements of a document such as paragraph structure, tables, charts, lists etc, need to be properly organized and tagged to provide true accessibility.
- CommonLook – NetCentric Technologies, a global leader in document accessibility, provides software products and professional services enabling faster, more cost-efficient, and more reliable processes for achieving compliance with the leading PDF and document accessibility standards, including WCAG, PDF/UA, and Section 508. CommonLook software makes the creation, remediation, and management of accessible PDF and Microsoft Office documents easier than ever before.
- Equidox – Equidox is an automated solution that simplifies the process of discovering, converting, and publishing PDF documents to WCAG 2.0 compliant HTML.
- Microassist – The entire Microassist team invests time in understanding a client’s needs and the desired outcome of their training and learning strategy. Microassist creates, delivers, and hosts custom training for our clients’ internal and external learners with a special emphasis in usability and accessibility.
- inclüd – Accessible content conversion, creation, and consulting services, inclüd provides institutions with a path to accessible information, ensuring that those with exceptional needs can access content tailor made for them.
- PubCom – PubCom has been developing accessible materials since the mid-1990s, before the US Sec. 508 amendment was passed and put into effect in 2000. They offer a suite of services from custom designed accessible templates to an audit of public-facing documents.
- RoboBraille – RoboBraille is accessible 24/7 as a self-service solution and is available free of charge to individual, non-commercial user not affiliated with an institutional setting obligated to provide support (academic institution, organisation, association or similar). Users need not register in order to use the service. The objective is to support and promote self-sufficiency of people with special needs socially, throughout the educational system and on the labour market. As an additional benefit, RoboBraille helps to protect the privacy of of those who need material in alternate formats.
- SensusAccess (Powered by RoboBraille) – SensusAccess is a self-service, alternate media solution for educational institutions. SensusAccess allows students, faculty, staff and alumni to automatically convert documents into a range of alternate media including audio books (MP3 and DAISY), e-books (EPUB, EPUB3 and Mobi) and digital Braille. The service can also be used to convert inaccessible documents such as image-only PDF files, JPG pictures and Microsoft PowerPoint presentations into more accessible and less tricky formats.
- T-Base Communications – T-Base Communications takes one digital file and converts it into every accessible format you need: braille, large print, audio or accessible PDF. Guided automation and QA by our subject matter experts ensures a high-quality end product, consistently.
- ABBYY FineReader – FineReader is an all-in-one OCR and PDF software application for increasing business productivity when working with documents. It provides powerful, yet easy-to-use tools to access and modify information locked in paper-based documents and PDF files.
- Adobe Acrobat Pro DC – The defacto PDF conversion tool. Includes an Accessibility Checker to assess your PDF files.
- Free Online OCR – Free Online OCR delivers advanced recognition technology to ensure high quality results. Simply upload a file, choose your preferred output format and click Convert. After the conversion process is complete, you will be able to download your document.
- Grackle Docs – Grackle is a cloud-based service that can convert Google Doc, Sheet, PDF and Slide into an accessible PDF. Used with Grackle’s Accessibility Checkers, Grackle Docs brings compliance, remediation and version control under one roof.
- OmniPage – OmniPage solutions offer industry-leading optical character recognition (OCR) for fast, easy, accurate document conversion. Now you can instantly turn paper and digital documents into files you can edit, search and share securely.
- PDF Accessibility Checker (PAC 2) – PAC 2 quickly tests PDF files for accessibility. PAC 2 is used to support expert and affected tests during assessment. NOTE: The company offering this software, Access for All, is based in Switzerland, you may need to use translation to understand the content.
- PDFix – Vast majority of PDFs that exist and are created daily are not tagged or are not tagged properly and provide just visual representation of the content. This makes the information invisible for screen readers used by visually impaired people or reading software for users with learning disabilities. Tagged PDF allows an easy navigation and accessible presentation of the content in PDF files reading software for users with learning disabilities.
- ScanTailor – Scan Tailor is an interactive post-processing tool for scanned pages. It performs operations such as page splitting, deskewing, adding/removing borders, and others. You give it raw scans, and you get pages ready to be printed or assembled into a PDF or DJVU file. Scanning, optical character recognition, and assembling multi-page documents are out of scope of this project.
PDF Remediation Resources
- Introduction to Accessible PDF Documents (Adobe at AHG 2018)
- Tips and Tricks for Accessible PDFs (Adobe at AHG 2018)
- PDF Accessibility Basics Webinar Series Resources (Level Access) – Offers access to the PowerPoint slides, CART Transcript, and Recorded Presentations for the following:
- PDF Functionality, Part I
- PDF Functionality, Part II
- Metadata, Reading Order, and Links
- Non-Text Elements
- Data Tables
- Page Structure
- Accessibility Checker
Accessibility Consulting and Services
- Aria.io – Using augmented reality, Aira connects people who are blind or low vision to a trained professional agent who is dedicated to further enhancing their everyday experience – completely hands-free assistance at the touch of a button.
- Deque – We help our customer’s development teams find and fix accessibility problems on their web and mobile apps, even if they have never done it before. When they are ready, our customer’s development teams use our tools and take Deque University Courses so they can build and maintain their apps, on their own, and ensure they remain accessible.
- eSSENTIAL Accessibility – By combining assistive technology with web accessibility evaluation and remediation services, we’ve created the ultimate solution to make your digital properties fully accessible – helping you eliminate barriers and project a disability-friendly image.
- ICT for Information Accessibility in Learning (ICT4IAL) – The ICT for Information Accessibility in Learning project is funded with support from the European Lifelong Learning Programme. The information on this website reflects the views of the partners and the European Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
- Interactive Accessibility – Interactive Accessibility is recognized globally as a leader in accessibility and we leverage that to help you lead your industry. We offer customized Section 508, WCAG 2.0 and ADA compliance services to meet your needs.
- Knowbility – Our mission is to support the independence of children and adults with disabilities by promoting the use and improving the availability of accessible information technology.
- Level Access – Our ultimate goal at Level Access is to create a world where digital systems can be made readily accessible to users with disabilities—enabling digital technology to become a profound empowering force in their lives.
- Simply Accessible – We’re a lean team of accessibility specialists changing the perception of accessibility on the web. Our skilled team trains, tests, and teaches you as an equal partner. We’re committed to people over compliance, which means exceeding regulations and standards. Let’s have a conversation about how to reinvent your approach to improving the digital challenges people experience every day.
- Tenon.io – For us, Tenon just “fits in” as an important piece of a much bigger puzzle: the design, development, testing, and content creation of websites and web-based application. Our philosophy of “Integration, not separation” guides everything we do as we create the single most flexible, efficient, and accurate accessibility testing systems on the planet.
- The Paciello Group – We help achieve end-to-end accessibility in your organization’s websites, applications and processes. Our consulting services include accessibility testing and evaluation, WCAG/Section 508 compliance audits, VPAT® analysis and production, training, user testing and research, design reviews and strategic planning to embed accessible user experience into all aspects of your product development lifecycle.
- UserWorks – Our team will conduct research to help you understand your users. We’ll show you how to integrate user experience principles into your business or development processes. We can even train your team on the basics of usability and accessibility to help you maintain the UX of your products into the future.
- WebAIM – WebAIM offers complete web accessibility services. Regardless of the type or size of your web site, WebAIM can help ensure that your site is accessible and usable to those with disabilities. While we specialize in developing and retrofitting web content for accessibility, our accessibility approach is one that empowers our clients to maintain that accessibility into the future. Though we are a small team, we have years of experience in accessible web design and can work with you to make your site meet the highest levels of accessibility.
Standards, Guidelines, Indicators
- Higher Education Critical Components of the Quality Indicators for the Provision of Accessible Educational Materials & Accessible Technologies (NCAEM)
- Quality Indicators for the Provision of Accessible Educational Materials and Technologies (CAST AEM Center)
- Guidelines for Accessible Information (ICT4IAL) European Guidelines
- Chromebook Accessibility (EASI)
- Zoom Accessibility (EASI)
- Webinars 2018 (Inclusive Design 24)
- ICT Accessibility Office Hours Webinars and Videos (California Community Colleges)
Artifical Intelligence (AI), Virtual Reality (VR), Mixed Reality (MR), eXtended Reality (XR)
- Inclusive Design for AI Webinar by Jutta Treviranus from the Inclusive Design Resource Centre (EASI)
- 2017 Global Accessibility Awareness Day (video playlist) (Blackboard)
- Accessibility Journey at University of Cincinnati (Blackboard)
- *Why Accessible? (video playlist) (Portland Community College)
- *Video Library (video playlist) (DO-IT)
- A11ycasts with Rob Dodson (Google Chrome Developers)
- Universal Design (South Seattle Community College)
- eAccessibility Awareness (Mint Green Studios) – This PSA was shown on digital screens across the UC campus to raise awareness about eAccessibility for The Accessibility Network at UC. Script, graphics and direction. (Purposely does not contain sound.)
- UDL for Canvas (Zana Carver, PhD)
- *Disability Sensitivity Training Video (DC Government)
- Lose Your Readers Commercial (Alcon DAILIES Contact Lenses)
- BBC Subtitle Guidelines
- Described and Captioned Media Program (DCMP) Quality Captioning
- How to Use Automatic Captions in Google Slides (Richard Byrne) (video)
Examples of Accessible Videos
- Captioned Video
- Captioned Video with an Interactive Transcript (Light)
- Captioned Video with an Interactive Transcript (Dark)
- Captioned Video with Audio Description (Frozen Trailer)
- Captioned Video with Audio Description (Best of UW 2016)
- Captioned Video with an Interactive Transcript and Audio Description, using AblePlayer, a highly accessible media player (Teaching Accessibility: Including Accessibility in Your Courses)
Video Accessibility Tools
- Amara – Amara’s award-winning technology enables you to caption and subtitle any video for free. For larger subtitling projects the platform makes it easy to manage teams of translators. And you can always purchase high-quality captions or translations from our passionate team of professional linguists.
- DotSub – Dotsub is a browser based, one-stop, self contained system for creating and viewing subtitles for videos in multiple languages across all platforms, including web based, mobile devices, and transcription and video editing systems. It’s easy to use, nothing to buy or download, and it’s fun. You can upload your videos, transcribe and time caption them, translate them into and from any language, and share them with the world.
- Subtitle Horse – Subtitle Horse is an online subtitle/captions editor. To translate a video simply put in the URL of your file (mp4, ogv, webm, flv, youtube) video and click the submit button. After you finished you can export your subtitles in different formats (VTT, SBV, timedText, SRT, Encore).
- Using YouDescribe (Jacqueline Wanner) (video) – This video discusses how YouDescribe, a free web-based accessibility tool, can help in solving the ill-structured problem related to assisting learners with visual impairments.
- YouTube Caption Auditor (YTCA) – YTCA is a utility to collect stats from one or more YouTube channels. It was designed to collect data related to captioning, but could be extended to support other data collection needs.
- 3PlayMedia – We provide premium closed captioning, transcription, audio description, and subtitling solutions at very competitive prices. Our goal is to simplify the process by providing a user-friendly account system, fast turnaround, flexible API’s, and integrations with a multitude of video players, platforms, and lecture capture systems. We create closed captions and subtitles in many different formats and languages. We also develop video search plugins and a range of tools that save time and cut costs. Our commitment to innovation has led to 7 patents (granted and pending)–all of which focus on making the captioning, subtitling, and transcription process more efficient and less expensive.
- Alternative Communication Services – The mission of Alternative Communication Services (ACS) is to provide the highest quality voice-to-text and sign language services possible, delivering these services to consumers throughout the world, and recognizing the unique strengths of each individual in the process. The translation of the spoken English word translated instantaneously into English text. This can be achieved through a number of methods including: CART (Communication Access Realtime Translation), Captioning and Text Interpreting (TypeWell).
- AMAC Accessibility – AMAC Accessibility is committed to the promotion of technological innovation and the development of user-centered research, products, and services for individuals with disabilities. As a research and service center within Georgia Tech’s College of Design, we address unmet needs in higher education, government, non-profits, and corporations by providing accessible and inclusive environments for all.
- American Council of the Blind Services Involved With Audio Description – List of all the individual, organization, and corporate services that we know about in the USA that are involved with audio description, provided the organization has validated the information in the previous three years.
- Automatic Sync Technologies (AST) – Has been providing closed captioning services for over 14 years, producing more than 5 million caption files for over 5,000 customers. In 2003, AST was awarded a Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) grant from the United States Department of Education, providing the company’s initial funding. Founders Kevin Erler, Ph.D. and Brent Robertson then worked in collaboration with a team of expert advisors to develop the most cost-efficient, high quality, closed captioning service available today.
- CaptionMax – Captionmax is one of North America’s largest full-service media accessibility companies. We provide closed captioning for prerecorded media and realtime events, subtitling and localization services, description, and specialized scripts. Our clients range from the biggest names in media and entertainment, to large corporations, to education institutions and government entities.
- cielo24 – cielo24’s cutting-edge video solution technology enables us to create detailed information about the content within your videos, which in turn amplifies your video discovery, engagement, reach and compliance. This can include speaker identification, audio transcript and visual information (faces, actions, products, etc.). This information can also be used to generate video insights including topics, keywords and ad words for targeting and asset management.
- Described and Captioned Media Program (DCMP) Captioning Service Vendors – This listing was prepared from information provided by various captioning-related sources and from surveys conducted by the DCMP.
- Valerie H Productions – All my life, starting in the United States and then in Canada, I’ve been writing and reading things aloud. For a couple decades, that meant working in radio as an announcer, producer and what we used to call a DJ. For more than another decade, it has mainly meant describing visual media so people who are blind, visually impaired, learning English, or just not looking to understand what’s going on.
- Verbit.ai – A VerbIT transcription process starts with an adaptive AI engine that automatically transcribes content at very high accuracy, regardless of subject matter or accent. A sophisticated algorithm distributes each file through 2-layers of human transcribers within seconds, and checks for congruence, localized spelling and other common inaccuracies. The entire process is extremely fast, and yields +99% accuracy.
- WGBH Media Access Group – As an original innovator of closed captioning and audio description, the Media Access Group (MAG) provides services across all media platforms. With offices in Boston and Los Angeles, we customize our workflow based on your content and technology needs.
- Accessible Web Design (MaineCite)
- Accessible Digital Documents (MaineCite)
- Types of Educational Multimedia Resources (Staff Educational Technology Guidance)
- Accessibility Best Practices for Developing Course Content (with WCAG documentation) (edX)
- GOALS Benchmarking and Planning Tool
- *The A11Y Project – Great resource including information for the following:
- Community Help
- Development Tools
- Empathy Development
- Further Reading
- HTML Related
- Online Tools
- Professional Help
- Screen Readers
- Talks (Video)
- EDUCAUSE Accessibility – has some key resources and related topics.
- Council of Ontario Universities (COU)’s Accessibility Resources Website – Here you will find the latest information about accessibility at universities across the province of Ontario.
- Creating Accessible Learning Environments (Vanderbilt University)
- Framing Access: Theoretical perspectives on disability
- The struggle for access: The Disability Rights Movement, higher education, and the law
- Disability at Vanderbilt
- Strategies for Creating Accessible Learning Environments
College and University’s IT Accessibility Policies
- Penn State Policy and Accessibility Guidelines
- University of Montana EITA Policy and Procedures
- University of California Berkeley Policy and Standards
- University of Colorado Boulder Policy and Standards
College and University’s Accessibility Sites
- Auburn Accessibility
- AU’s Web Accessibility Initiative
- Universal Design in Learning
- Technology Trainings
- Built-In Accessibility
- Creating Accessible Textbooks, Documents, Presentations, and Emails
- Captioning Videos
- Apple Accessibility
- Technologies to Assist with Learning
- Canvas Accessibility
- Lower Columbia College Accessibility Resources
- Accessibility Webinar Recordings
- Laws & Policies
- Why Accessibility Matters
- Access vs. Accommodation
- Terms & Concepts
- Universal Design for Learning (UDL)
- Accessible Design Principles
- Using and Procuring Accessible Technology and Materials
- Being an Accessibility Advocate
- Creating an Action Plan: Part I
- Creating an Action Plan: Part II
- CTC Listserv
- North Carolina State University Accessibility
- For Faculty and Staff
- For IT Staff and Developers
- *Portland State Community College Accessibility
- About Online Accessibility
- Course Accessibility Review
- Designing Online Content
- Training Opportunities
- DIY Accessibility Checking
- Publisher Content Guidelines
- Subject Area Studies
- PennState University Accessibility
- Accommodations – What are the different needs for different audiences?
- Blockers – Find what items such as images, tables and headings need to be fixed to facilitate universal access.
- Courses – Issues such as course guidelines, STEM content, foreign language and other course needs are addressed here.
- Guidelines – Links to different Penn State policies and accessibility guidelines.
- Websites – Implement accessibility in different Web site components including forms, tables and CSS.
- Multimedia – Information about video captions, images and other media.
- Testing/Triage – Tools and methods for auditing your content.
- Software – Learn about accessibility in Word/PowerPoint, Canvas, Sites at Penn State and more.
- Training – Discover available training in multiple formats.
- Salt Lake Community College Accessibility
- Universal Design Basics
- Accessibility Laws
- Accessible Course Materials
- Accommodation Procedures
- Syllabus Statement
- University of Cincinnati Accessibility
- Student Resources
- Faculty/Staff Resources
- Policies and Grievance Procedure
- Electronic Accessibility
- University of Washington Accessibility
- UW Policy
- IT Accessibility Guidelines
- IT Accessibility Checklist & Tutorial
- IT Accessibility Leadership
- Progress & Plan
- Getting Started
- Creating Documents
- Creating Videos
- Developing Websites
- Designing Online Courses
- Procuring IT
- Managing for Accessibility
- Getting Help
- Events & Collaboration
- Laws, Policies & Standards
Examples of Creative Marketing Strategies Around Accessibility
- Barriers Be Gone Escape Room (University of Central Florida)
- Choose Accessible Learning Materials (C.A.L.M.) (Virginia Tech)
- 30 Days of Access Challenge (U Mass Amherst)
- Stories of Inclusive Technology: Diversity, Accessibility and Universal Design — a video curriculum for faculty and staff (Colorado State University)
- Inclusion, Diversity & Disability (14:22)
- Legislation & Disability Rights (6:02)
- Tech for Reading (14:27)
- Tech for Writing (4:39)
- Tech in the Classroom (12:51)
- Inclusive Web (11:19)
- Inclusive Video (8:56)
MOOCs and Courses
- Implementing UDL on Canvas for (K-12/Higher Ed) (University of Tennessee, Knoxville)
- Digital Accessibility: Enabling Participation in the Information Society (University of Southampton)
- Inclusive Learning and Teaching Environments (University of Southampton)
- Professional Web Accessibility Auditing Made Easy (Ryerson University)
- Web Accessibility For Developers (Ryerson University)
- Introduction to Web Accessibility (Ryerson University)
- Understanding Document Accessibility (Ryerson University)
- Web Accessibility MOOC for Online Educators (Portland Community College) and the University of Arizona’s announcement of the same MOOC
- Basics of Inclusive Design for Online Education (University of Colorado Boulder)
- Accessibility to the Scenic Arts (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)
- Disability Awareness and Support (University of Pittsburg)
- Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Accessibility (Georgia Tech)
- Web Accessibility (Google)
- Web Accessibility MOOC for Educators (Colorado Community College System)
- (HE) Accessibility: Designing and Teaching Courses For All Learners (Open SUNY)
- (HE) Designing and Teaching For Impact In Online Courses (Indiana University)
- Accessible Gamification for Business (Georgia Tech)
- Making Digital Content Accessible for Learners – Digital Accessibility Certification Program (Texas Distance Learning Association)
- Accessibility Badging Program (University of Illinois)
- Document Accessibility Course (WebAIM)
- Resolution Agreements and Lawsuits (University of Washington) – The remaining sections of this page summarize resolution agreements and lawsuits that have involved IT accessibility issues in higher education.
- Legal News (Access Technology Higher Education Network (ATHEN) – Various Office for Civil Rights (OCR) complaints and resolutions in that have occurred in higher education.
- Higher Ed Accessibility Lawsuits, Complaints, and Settlements (Laura Carlson, University of Minnesota Duluth) – List of higher educational institutions face liability for inaccessible web content and technologies. Organized by higher education institution.
- Web Accessibility Related Lawsuits and Settlements in the United States (Karl Groves) – from 2000-2017. Identifies Year, Plaintiff(s), Defendant(s), and Citation link.
- EDUCAUSE IT Accessibility Risk Statements and Evidence – This document was created by the EDUCAUSE IT Accessibility Constituent Group to help identify accessibility risks that IT leaders should consider in their risk management process.
- EDUCAUSE 7 Things You Should Know About IT Accessibility – This document answers questions like What is it, How does it work, Who’s doing it, Why is it significant, What are the downsides, Where is it going, What are the implications for higher education.
Examples of Accessible Procurment Processes
- EIT Purchasing Process (Michigan State University)
- Accessibility Reviews for Procurement (NC State University)
- CSU Accessible Procurement Process (California State University)
- A Guide to Accessible Purchasing (Temple University)
- Procuring Accessible IT (University of Washington)